Since Penicillin was discovered in 1928, life-saving antimicrobials have revolutionalise our society and economy. Previously deadly diseases have become routine ailments, requiring little more than a brief treatment. these achievements are now at risk mainly because of the excessive or inappropriate use of antimicrobials, which has led to the increasing emergence and spread of multi-resistance bacteria.

On 10th of November 2017 in Dodoma, along with other scientific presentations, Pharmacists are coming together to discuss, challenge and urge on effective action to reverse current trends, otherwise we would face a return to the pre-antibiotic era, with simple wounds and infections causing harm and even death and routine medical procedures becoming very high risk.

AMR is a serious challenge, in Africa and globally. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), AMR has already reached alarming levels in many parts of the world. High levels of AMR in bacteria linked to numerous common infections (such as urinary tract infections, pneumonia, tuberculosis and gonorrhoea) have been observed in all WHO regions. Resistance to antivirals, such as those used to treat HIV, is also increasing.

AMR is also been addressed in big forums such as G7 and G20, and is already presenting a serious social and economic burden. it is estimated to be responsible for 700,000 deaths per year globally. Inaction is projected to cause millions of deaths globally: it has been estimated that AMR might cause more deaths than cancer by 2050.

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